Product Tested

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Orion Lubricants

Company and Product Information

Corporate Office:
Orion Lubricants
Chicago, IL

Website(s): No Website Found


SAE 5W-20

Product: LUBE1OIL
Viscosity Grade: SAE 5W-20
Labeled: " comparable to SJ and prior service classifications..."

Distributed and Manufactured By: Orion Lubricants, Chicago, IL

Purchased at: Markham, IL

Date of purchase: 5/13/2019


Website(s): No Website Found

Test Results and Assessment:

The results of the tests conducted on this sample do NOT meet the SAE J300 specifications for the SAE Viscosity Grade listed on the product label, and are NOT consistent with the listed API Service Category. In addition, the organometallic additive levels in this sample are exceedingly low for an API SJ, potentially leading to excessive piston deposits, sludge, and wear.  Further, the metal analysis results indicate the product may contain used oil and abrasive material.  

Use of this product in modern automobile engines will likely cause harm to the engine.

Note: This product is labeled, " comparable to SJ and prior service classifications..."API SJ motor oils are intended for use in vehicles built prior to 2002. It should be noted that although the product references the API SJ Service Category, the label does not state that it meets or is approved under API SJ.

bottle icon Physical Properties pass
Elemental Analysis pass
Labeling warning
Viscosity @ 100°C, cSt (ASTM D445)

The results of the Kinematic Viscosity @ 100ºC test conducted on this sample does not meet the requirements of SAE J300.
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Cold Cranking Viscosity, mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293)

The results of the Cold Cranking Viscosity test conducted on this sample meet the requirements of SAE J300.
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Phosphorus, ppm (ASTM D5185)

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Note1: Although laboratory tests alone cannot be used to establish if engine oil meets an API Service Category, they can be used to determine if it doesn't. Note2: The specification for cold cranking viscosity includes only a maximum value; the minimum value shown in the “standard” area of the chart is truncated for illustrative purposes.

PHYSICAL TESTS (click for test details) - a Standard LUBE1OIL
TBN, mg KOH/g (ASTM D2896) 0.01
Viscosity @ 100ºC, cSt (ASTM D445) 6.9 to <9.3 4.5
Viscosity @40ºC, cSt (ASTM D445) 23.7
Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270) 101
Viscosity @-30ºC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293) 6,600 Max 5,041
ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS (click for test details) - a, b
Calcium, ppm 13
Magnesium, ppm 1
Phosphorus, ppm 1,000 Max-c 162
Zinc, ppm 66
Molybdenum,  ppm <1
Barium, ppm <1
Boron, ppm <1
Silicon, ppm 254
Potassium, ppm 1
Manganese, ppm <1
Titanium, ppm <1
Copper, ppm 4
Sodium, ppm 2
Vanadium, ppm <1
Silver, ppm <1
Aluminum, ppm <1
Chromium, ppm <1
Iron, ppm 12
Nickel, ppm <1
Lead, ppm 1
Antimony, ppm <1
Tin, ppm <1
  1. Standards, shown in yellow are established by API, SAE and others.
  2. Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM D5185.
  3. This specification is expressed to one significant figure, therefore result below 1,049 is considered on specification.